Molecular Breeding


Excessive land use to increase productivity. This is resulting in unsustainable practices and degradation

of the local environment, including the marginalization of flora, fauna and local indigenous people.


Level Growth orchestrate the international cooperation with major research institution, to develop

Molecular breeding of the local crop. The productivity of the crop is increased without increasing the

area of plantation

The first

challenge arises in identifying the best parental lines.

Choosing appropriate parents and selecting outstanding

progeny according to their phenotypic behavior are

hampered by the environmental noise that is present in

field observations for most traits are controlled by many

genes. The second challenge is its long breeding cycle.

9-4 young healthy paln

The Problem

One cycle of selection, which includes phenotypic

evaluation of test crosses and inter-crossing of the best

palms to form the next cycle, requires approximately 19

years to complete by conventional breading methods. In

addition, oil-palm breeding is expensive not only

because of the length of time required per cycle, but

also because large planting areas are required

The Solution

The Challenge

The approach to reach this goal is to identify the codes

or DNA sequence, in oil palm genome responsible for

each of trais of interest, i.e. establish relationship

between gene sequences and phenotype. Because the

DNA sequence or code is not influenced by

environmental factors, the selection informed under the

genome information will be accurate and can also be

done when the palm is still in its seedling stage. The

process of establish relationship between gene

sequence and phenotype is the process of establishing

models through advanced genomic, bio-informatics

and bio-statistics technologies.

(GS) and genome wide association study (GWAS).

How GWAS works

As shown in the figure below, GWAS involves scanning

markers across the entire genome ( 0.5M or 1M) of

many subjects (several thousand or more) in a natural

population to find genetic variations associated with

particular traits in the nature population.

This method involves a wide range of germplasm

collection, large amount of phenotyping.

2023 Genome Wide Association Study
2023 Molecular Breeding Selection
2023 Data storage and management